Journal Club

Discussing interesting papers in the world of Pain Medicine

Each month, we shall upload a reference to a scientific paper published within the past year, including the online link to access and read it.  Papers chosen will be available through open access or through NHS or institutional libraries. 

Current Journal Club paper

Looking beyond Piriformis Syndrome: Is It Really the Piriformis? 

Sharma S, Kaur H, Verma N, Adhya B.
Hip Pelvis. 2023;35(1):1-5.

Previous journal club paper: December 2022 

Preoperative Ultrasound-guided Percutaneous Cryoneurolysis for the Treatment of Pain after Mastectomy.

Ilfeld BM, Finneran JJ, Swisher MW, Said ET, Gabriel RA, Sztain JF, Khatibi B, Armani A, Trescot A, Donohue MC, Schaar A, Wallace AM. Preoperative Ultrasound-guided Percutaneous Cryoneurolysis for the Treatment of Pain after Mastectomy: A Randomized, Participant- and Observer-masked, Sham-controlled Study. Anesthesiology. 2022 Nov 1;137(5):529-542.

Discussion Framework

Evidence-based information plays a critical role in clinical practice decisions. Secondary sources are often unreliable; it’s up to the student to critically assess peer-reviewed research literature. We are using the framework suggested by Riegelman (Riegelman RK. Studying a study and testing a test. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2005) to provoke thought and discussion about the paper.  

After reading the paper

  1. Say what the purpose of the study was. 

  1. Summarise the important points in the article, paying particular attention to the methods that were used. 

  1. Briefly describe the main results.  

  1. Highlight the strengths and weaknesses; how could the study have been improved? 

  1. Did the authors achieve what they set out to achieve? 

  1. Describe the implications of the results and whether you think they may or may not influence practice beneficially or adversely. 

  1. If relevant, say what further research might be carried out. 

Follow up

The month following each release, we will publish a brief resume of our personal views on the paper.  If you would like to submit comments or views about the paper for posting here or in the Faculty's other publications, please contact us.

What did you think about this paper?
Email the Faculty to share any comments or views.

Previous journal club paper: November 2022 

Diagnosis and Management of Lumbar Spinal Stenosis.

A Review

Jeffrey N. Katz, Zoe E. Zimmerman, Hanna Mass, et al
JAMA. 2022;327(17):1688-1699 

Previous journal club paper: October 2022 

Consensus practice guidelines on interventions for cervical spine (facet) joint pain from a multispecialty international working group.


Hurley RW, Adams MCB, Barad M, et al.

Pain Med. 2021 Nov 26;22(11):2443-2524. doi: 10.1093/pm/pnab281.

Previous journal club paper: September 2022 

Improvement in quality of life and angina pectoris: 1-year follow-up of patients with refractory angina pectoris and spinal cord stimulation. 

Vervaat FE, van der Gaag A, van Suijlekom H, Botman CJ, Teeuwen K, Wijnbergen I

Neth Heart J. 2020 Sep;28(9):478-484.


Cardiology - recommended by Dr HooKee Tsang

COURAGE, ORBITA, and ISCHEMIA: Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for Stable Coronary Artery Disease. 

Teoh Z, Al-Lamee RK. 

Interv Cardiol Clin. 2020 Oct;9(4):469-482

Previous journal club paper: August 2022 

Pain Research and Mangement

Pharmacotherapeutic Options for Managing Neuropathic Pain: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Giulia Di Stefano, Andrea Di Lionardo, Giuseppe Di Pietro, Giorgio Cruccu, and 
Andrea Truini

Review Article | Open Access

Volume 2021 |Article ID 6656863

Previous journal club paper: July 2022 

Theme: Metformin repositioning in rheumatoid arthritis

Matsuoka Y, Morimoto S, Fujishiro M, et al.

Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2021 Jul-Aug;39(4):763-768.

Previous journal club paper: June 2022 

Theme: Persistent pain post spinal surgery

Finite Mixture Models Based on Pain Intensity, Functional Disability and Psychological Distress Composite Assessment Allow Identification of Two Distinct Classes of Persistent Spinal Pain Syndrome after Surgery Patients Related to Their Quality of Life

Amine Ounajim et al

J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10(20), 4676

Previous journal club paper: May 2022 by Dr Kerry Bosworth

Does cartilage loss cause pain in osteoarthritis and if so, how much?

Bacon K, LaValley MP, Jafarzadeh SR, Felson D. 

Ann Rheum Dis. 2020 Aug;79(8):1105-1110.

Previous journal club paper: April 2022

Complex regional pain syndrome – Autoimmune or functional
neurologic syndrome

Christopher Chang, Patrick McDonnell, M. Eric Gershwin
Journal of Translational Autoimmunity 4 (2021) 100080

Previous journal club paper: March 2022

The Impact of Psychological Factors and their Treatment on the Results of Total Knee Arthroplasty

Kazarian Gregory S, Anthony Christopher A, Lawrie Charles M., Barrack Robert L. 

The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery: September 15, 2021 - Volume 103 - Issue 18 - p 1744-1756

Previous journal club paper: February 2022

The Lancet, Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Volume 4, Issue 1, January 2019, Pages 20 - 31

Efficacy of individual and group hypnotherapy in irritable bowel syndrome (IMAGINE): a multicentre randomised controlled trial

Carla E Flik et al

Previous journal club paper: January 2022

Nonpharmacological therapies for central poststroke pain - A systematic review

Xiao-Min Xu, MD, Hua Luo, MD, Ben-bing Rong, MD et al.

Medicine (Baltimore). 2020 Oct 16; 99(42): e22611.

Published online 2020 Oct 16. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000022611

Previous journal club paper: December 2021

Virtual reality approaches to pain: toward a state of the science

Trost, Zinaa,*; France, Christopherb; Anam, Monimac; Shum, Coreyd
PAIN: February 2021 - Volume 162 - Issue 2 - p 325-331

Previous journal club paper: November 2021

Theme: CRPS


Volume 136, March 2021, Pages 89-108

Special Issue “Attention & Motor Processes”: Research Report
Ignoring space around a painful limb? No evidence for a body-related visuospatial attention bias in complex regional pain syndrome

Antonia F. Ten Brink, Monika Halicka, Axel D. Vittersø, Edmund Keogh, Janet H. Bultitude

Previous journal club paper: October 2021

Food for thought...

Investigation: should liquid morphine be reclassified?

 Caroline Wickware, The Pharmaceutical Journal September 2021

Previous journal club paper: September 2021

European Journal of Neurology 2021; 28:1716–1725

Long-term efficacy and safety of erenumab in migraine prevention: Results from a 5-year, open-label treatment phase of a randomized clinical trial

Messoud Ashina | Peter J. Goadsby | Uwe Reuter | Stephen Silberstein |
David W. Dodick | Fei Xue | Feng Zhang | Gabriel Paiva da Silva Lima |
Sunfa Cheng | Daniel D. Mikol

Previous journal club paper: August 2021

Pain physician, 2020 -

Interventional pain medicine practice in the UK and the USA: A survey of 242 pain physicians

W Bradford, S Gupta, WYBD Bradford

Previous journal club paper: July 2021

Pharmacological Research Volume 165, March 2021, 105465

Myalgic encephalomyelitis/ chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS): Where will the drugs come from?

Peter L. Toogood, Daniel J. Clauw, Sameer Phadke, David Hoffman 

Previous journal club paper: June 2021

Anesthesiology Published June 2017, Vol. 126, 1180–1186. 

To Stop or Not, That Is the Question: Acute Pain Management for the Patient on Chronic Buprenorphine  

T. Anthony Anderson, Ph.D., M.D. ; Aurora N. A. Quaye, M.D. ; E. Nalan Ward, M.D. ; Timothy E. Wilens, M.D. ; Paul E. Hilliard, M.D. ; Chad M. Brummett, M.D. 


Previous journal club paper: May 2021

Published online 2021 Mar 18. doi: 10.1016/S2665-9913(21)00036-9

Surgical microdiscectomy versus transforaminal epidural steroid injection in patients with sciatica secondary to herniated lumbar disc (NERVES): a phase 3, multicentre, open-label, randomised controlled trial and economic evaluation 

Martin John Wilby, Ashley Best, Eifiona Wood, Girvan Burnside, Emma Bedson, Hannah Short, Dianne Wheatley, Daniel Hill-McManus, Manohar Sharma, Simon Clark, Ganesan Baranidharan, Cathy Price, Richard Mannion, Peter J Hutchinson, Dyfrig A Hughes, Anthony Marson, Paula R Williamson 


Previous journal club paper: April 2021

Pain. 2020 Sep; 161(1): S3–S13. 

Published online 2020 Aug 19. doi: 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001849 

PMCID: PMC7434212 

PMID: 33090735 

John D. Loeser Award Lecture: Size does matter, but it isn't everything: the challenge of modest treatment effects in chronic pain clinical trials 

Shannon M. Smith, Maurizio Fava, Mark P. Jensen, Omar B. Mbowe, Michael P. McDermott, Dennis C. Turk  and Robert H. Dworkina.


Previous journal club paper: March 2021

Pain. 2020 Sep; 161(9): 2068–2078. 

Published online 2020 May 19. doi: 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001928 

PMCID: PMC7431140 

PMID: 32453139 

Tanezumab for chronic low back pain: a randomized, double-blind, placebo- and active-controlled, phase 3 study of efficacy and safety 

John D. Markman, Robert B. Bolash, Timothy E. McAlindon, Alan J. Kivitz, Manuel Pombo-Suarez, Seiji Ohtori, Frank W. Roemer, David J. Li, Lars Viktrup, Candace Bramson, Christine R. West, and Kenneth M. Verburg